news, views & info
… to this twenty-first edition of “The Old Roman” a weekly dissemination of news, views and information for and from around the world reflecting the experience and life of 21C “Old Romans” i.e. western Orthodox Catholics across the globe.
CONTRIBUTIONS… news items, magazine, devotional or theological articles, prayer requests, features about apostolates and parish mission life are ALL welcome and may be submitted via email. Submissions should be sent by Friday for publication the following Sunday.
ORDO w/c Sunday 19th January 2020 Vol I issue xxi
|S||19.01||Feast of the Holy Name of Jesus|
Com. Sunday II post Epiphany
Com. SS. Marius, Audifax & Abachum, Mm
Com. St Canute IV K&M
(W) Missa “Exsultat gaudio”
3a) Holy Martyrs
4a) S. Canute
|M||20.01||St Fabian of Rome & St Sebastian, Martyrs|
(R) Missa “Infirmitatem”
|T||21.01||St Agnes of Rome, V&M|
(R) Missa “Omnipotens”
|W||22.01||SS. Vincent & Anastasius, Mm|
(R) Missa “Intret”
|T||23.01||The Espousal of the Blessed Virgin Mary with St Joseph|
(W) Missa “Salve, sancta parens”
|g.d||2a) St Joseph|
|F||24.01||St Timothy of Ephesus|
(R) Missa “Statuit”
|S||25.01||The Conversion of St Paul|
Com. St Peter, Apostle
(W) Missa “Scio cui credidi”
|g.d||2a) St Peter|
|S||26.01||St Polycarp of Smyrna|
Com. Sunday III post Epiphany
(R) Missa “Sacerdotes”
KEY: A=Abbot A cunctis=of the Saints B=Bishop BD=Benedicamus Domino BVM=Blessed Virgin Mary C=Confessor Com=Commemoration Cr=Creed D=Doctor d=double d.i/ii=double of the 1st/2nd Class E=Evangelist F=Feria Gl=Gloria gr.d=greater-double (G)=Green H=Holy K=King M=Martyr mpal=missae pro aliquibus locis Mm=Martyrs Pent=Pentecost P=Priest PP/PostPent=Post Pentecost PLG=Proper Last Gospel Pref=Preface ProEccl=for the Church (R)=Red s=simple s-d=semi-double Co=Companions V1=1st Vespers V=Virgin v=votive (V)=violet W=Widow (W)=white *Ob.=Obligation 2a=second oration 3a=third oration
This week is full of great feasts and commemorations! Beginning with the recollection of the saving power of the Holy Name of Jesus, through to the Conversion of St Paul and the great martyr, St Polycarp of Smyrna.
The revelatory theme of Epiphany is suitably illustrated throughout the week in the example of the Saints brought to our mind by holy Mother Church, each in their turn demonstrating how to be vessels of Theophany to the world.
The week begins with notable martyrs, St Fabian a steadfast bishop of Rome through times of persecution and inner turmoil; St Sebastian a faithful soldier of Christ; St Agnes a true bride of Christ; SS Vincent & Anastasius, the holy deacon who like the protomartyr of his order, endured martyrdom bravely and the heroic former soldier turned monk, Anastasius who strove so bravely to share the faith with others; the Betrothal (espousal) of Our Lady to St Joseph reminds us how God’s will is revealed in the lives of those who are faithful to Him; the feast of St Timothy of Ephesus speaks to the faithful transmission of the faith from the apostles to successive generations; the Conversion of St Paul reminds us that God truly is merciful to those who repent and return to Him; finally St Polycarp of Smyrna again reminds us that the faith of the apostles is the only treasure worth keeping and dying for!
THE FEAST OF THE HOLY NAME
The Church reveals to us the wonders of the Incarnate Word by singing the glories of His name. The name of Jesus means Savior; it had been shown in a dream to Joseph together with its meaning and to Our Lady at the annunciation by the Archangel Gabriel.
Devotion to the Holy Name is deeply rooted in the Sacred Scriptures, especially in the Acts of the Apostles. It was promoted in a special manner by St. Bernard, St. Bernardine of Siena, St. John Capistrano and by the Franciscan Order. It was extended to the whole Church in 1727 during the pontificate of Innocent XIII. The month of January has traditionally been dedicated to the Holy Name of Jesus.
St Agnes of Rome
Martyred for her faith at the early age of twelve, Saint Agnes was one of the youngest-known named martyrs in the Communion of Saints. She was born into a wealthy Roman aristocratic family and was remarkable for her beauty as a child. But the true beauty was interior and as a youth she vowed to live a life of purity and chastity, consecrating herself as a virgin.
Even though she was not yet a teen, Roman suitors courted her trying to seduce her but she refused all advances. Word reached the Roman Emperor Diocletian who was relentless in his persecution of Christians. Rather than killing her right away, Diocletian’s men sought to discredit her by making her a prostitute and that would further discredit Christianity and dissuade others from becoming Christians. Naturally Agnes rejected all advances and refused to give in to the sins of the flesh. This further infuriated Diocletian and his cohorts who dragged her before the governor. He ordered that she be thrown into the fire. God preserved her beauty inside and out by allowing her to emerge unscathed. The governor then ordered that she be beheaded in a public display but even this the executioner botched, stabbing her in the throat where she died professing her undying loyalty to her One, True God in 304.
She was buried on the Via Nomentana where a cemetery stands in her name. Over the centuries Agnes, which means “chaste” in Greek, has become the standard for chastity, purity and virginal innocence and she is always depicted with a lamb – the Lamb of God – Agnus Dei. She (Agnete) is forever commemorated in the Nobis quoque peccatoribus – the Invocation of Saints in the Canon of the Holy Mass.
The Espousal of the Blessed Virgin Mary with St Joseph
January 23rd is the traditional day of the feast called “The Espousal of the Virgin Mary with St Joseph.” Although never on the general Calendar, it was kept by many religious orders, especially those with a particular devotion to the Virgin Mary, and on many local calendars.
We don’t often think of the marriage of Mary and Joseph, or the events that transpired prior to the Annunciation of the Angel Gabriel. What we do know is that Mary was presented at the temple at a young age, at which time she likely took a vow of perpetual virginity. What, then, was her reaction to the Lord calling her to marriage? As before when she entered the temple, and later, when she accepted the message of Gabriel, Our Lady demonstrates perfect fidelity to the Lord—the quality which sets her apart from all others, and the reason for her chosen status as the Mother of God.
But consider Saint Joseph, her spouse. He, too, entered into a marriage with a vow of chastity, resigning himself to the will of God, and to the protection of the Lord’s sacred vessel of the Incarnation. Even following the Annunciation, Joseph placed his trust in God, choosing not to quietly divorce his wife (as we read in the Gospel he considered), but rather entrusting himself and his family to the Lord’s wisdom and plan.
On the feast of the Espousal, we are called to our own leap of faith—our own abandonment of our personal desires for those of the Lord. We look to emulate Mary and Joseph, who in their infinite trust, placed themselves in the hands of God, faithfully, continently, and chastely living as husband and wife, raising the Son of Man.
St Timothy of Ephesus
Saint Timothy was a convert of Saint Paul, born at Lystra in Asia Minor. His mother was a daughter of Israel, but his father was a pagan, and though Timothy had read the Scriptures from his childhood, he had never been circumcised. On the arrival of Saint Paul at Lystra the youthful Timothy, with his mother and grandmother, eagerly embraced the faith. Seven years later, when the Apostle again visited the country, the boy had grown into manhood. His good heart, his austerities and zeal had won the esteem of all around him, and holy men were prophesying great things of the fervent youth. Saint Paul at once saw his fitness for the work of an evangelist, and Timothy was ordained a priest. From that time on he was the constant and much-beloved fellow-worker of the Apostle.
In company with Saint Paul he visited the cities of Asia Minor and Greece, once hastening on ahead as a trusted messenger, at another time lingering behind to confirm in the faith a recently founded church. Eventually he was made the first Bishop of Ephesus; and there he received the two epistles of his master which bear his name, the first written from Macedonia and the second from Rome, where Saint Paul from his prison expresses his longing desire to see his “dearly beloved son,” once more, if possible, before his death. It is not certain whether Saint Timothy arrived in Rome in time, but devotion to Saint Timothy has always been strong in Rome, which seems to argue for his presence at the martyrdom of his spiritual father.
Saint Timothy was of a tender and affectionate disposition, and certainly found his role in the idolatrous city of Ephesus difficult to sustain. Saint Paul, when he writes to Timothy, then a tested servant of God and a bishop advancing in years, addresses him as he would his own child, and seems most anxious about his forcefulness in his demanding role. His disciple’s health was fragile, and Saint Paul counsels him to “take a little wine for his digestion.” Saint Timothy is the “Angel of the Church of Ephesus” of the Apocalypse, its bishop whom Our Lord, too, exhorted to remember his original faith and piety.
Not many years after the death of Saint Paul, Timothy, who had surely profited from these counsels, won a martyr’s crown at Ephesus, when on a feast day of the goddess Diana, whose temple stood in that city, he entered into the ungovernable crowd to calm it, exhorting these souls, deprived of the light of truth, to renounce vain worship and embrace Christianity. Wild with idolatrous passion, a pagan struck down the bishop of the Christians, thus freeing him to join his beloved spiritual father in the realm of the Blessed.
Ad multos annos!
The diocese of Chicago rejoiced on Saturday last when the Revd Peter J McGechie was received into full communion and the presbyteral college.
Peter Julian McGechie was born on April 19, 1949 in Broxburn Scotland to Francis and Jean Boag McGechie. Peter is one of five of the McGechie children. Peter did his combined elementary and high school education Sts Nicholas and John Cantius School in Broxburn. It was during his high school years that Peter discovered and embraced his vocation.
After high school, Peter entered into the Congregation of the Blessed Sacrament in Scotland and in 1975, he came to the United States and began his theological studies at Catholic Theological Union in Chicago.
In 1980 Peter journeyed back to private life and he began a successful career in Retail and Antiques in the Chicagoland area for the next twenty-three years Peter. But in 2003 Peter began to re-embrace his vocation to ministry and service. He became Verger at the Episcopal Church of the Atonement in Chicago and was responsible for many elements of the liturgical life of that community. During this period of Peter’s life, it also became obvious that his vocation was continuing to call him to the Priesthood.
After becoming acquainted with and assisting the mission Church of the Holy Family, Peter became of member of the Evangelical Catholic Church in 2010 and began his preparations for Ordination to the Deaconate. Peter was ordained Deacon on September 10th, 2010. After Peter’s time as deacon, he was ordained Priest to the Priesthood on May 31st, 2012. After reviewing and evaluating Peter’s academic records, Peter completed his requirements for his Masters of Divinity with St. John the Evangelist Seminary.
Being acquainted with the clergy and people of St Anne’s Old Roman Catholic Mission at the Church of the Atonement for many years, and having an appreciation of the history of Old Roman Catholicism in Chicago, Peter grew closer to the faithful and clergy there. Attending as an ecumenical guest various important liturgies in recent years, Peter appreciated both the fraternal fellowship of the Old Roman clergy and the opportunity to understand not just it’s local but global context. Peter applied for incardination at the beginning of December 2019 and after various interviews with Bishop Nioclás, was accepted and received into the Old Roman Catholic Church.
We invite all Old Romans and readers to join with the diocese of Chicago in wishing Father Peter “ad multos annos” in his now rejuvenated ministry!
Old Roman Culture
A new regular feature of The Old Roman will be a weekly look at the cultural heritage of Western Christendom. The destructive influence of ultramontanism ie Roman centralisation, has meant the loss in knowledge as well as experience of a host of cultural aspects to the faith that has allowed the terrible deprivation of the contemporary generation from their Catholic cultural heritage. One of the endeavours of Old Romanism must be to perpetuate the traditional customs and practices, with appropriate catechesis, to enable future generations of Orthodox Catholics to know the whole of Tradition!
A pastoral letter for Epiphany
His Grace, Archbishop Christopher Hernandez, Coadjutor-Archbishop of the Archdiocese of California has written a Pastoral Letter for Epiphanytide:
An Old Roman – Carmel Henry Carfora
The Most Reverend Carmel Henry Carfora succeeded Archbishop Berghes, serving as the Second Primate of The North American Old Roman Catholic Church from October 12, 1919 until his death on January 11, 1958, having held the Office of Primate for 38 years and 3 months. Archbishop Carfora presided over the Church during its greatest missionary expansion and activity, guiding the Church’s apostolic labours and growth in the United States, Canada, Mexico, the Caribbean, Europe, South America and even into parts of Africa and Asia. Archbishop Carfora fell asleep in the Lord on January 11, 1958 in Chicago at the age of 78, after a long and valiant battle against multiple illnesses.
Henry Alfonso Mary Carfora (a.k.a. Carmel Henry Carfora) (August 27, 1878 – January 11, 1958), the son of Ferdinand Carfora and Angeline D’Ambrosio, was baptised Roman Catholic in his native Naples, Italy on August 29, 1878. He entered the Franciscans in 1894 and was ordained deacon by Bishop Giuseppe Ciglano on August 15, 1901 and priest by Bishop Francesco Vento of Aversa on December 21, 1901. He immigrated to America and served in New York. In 1906 he was called to the Diocese of Wheeling to minister to Italian immigrants. Eventually, in 1908, he left the Roman Catholic Church.
Carfora assumed leadership of a group of parishioners who broke away from St. Anthony of Padua Catholic Church, in Youngstown, Ohio, to found St. Rocco’s Independent National Catholic Church on May 17, 1907. He later formed mission congregations which ministered to various ethnic immigrant groups whom he perceived as unable to gain adequate pastoral support from the Roman Catholic authorities. In June 1912 he incorporated his work as the National Catholic Diocese in North America, for a time under the episcopal oversight of Bishop Paolo Miraglia-Gulotti, leader of the Italian National Episcopal Church. Archbishop Rudolph de Landas Berghes took up residence at St. Dunstan’s Abbey, Waukegan, Illinois and raised Abbot William H. F. Brothers to the episcopacy on October 3, 1916. The following day he consecrated Carfora as a bishop of the North American Old Roman Catholic Church. St. Rocco’s was disbanded until it was received into the Episcopal Church on June 15, 1918. In 1917 de Landas Berghes and Carfora united their jurisdictions, adopting the name “North American Old Roman Catholic Diocese” and established its headquarters in Chicago. When de Landas Berghes reconciled with the Roman Catholic Church in 1919, Carfora assumed the leadership of the group, which he renamed the “North American Old Roman Catholic Church”.
Carfora’s Church emphasised non-papal, pre-Vatican I Roman Catholic theology and practice, with the exception of permitting a married priesthood. The church grew over several decades under Carfora’s leadership, ultimately reaching a peak membership reported as high as 50,000, consisting largely of ethnic parishes, each serving primarily first generation immigrants of a particular national origin. During his primacy, he consecrated at least thirty bishops to serve Polish, Lithuanian, Portuguese, Ukrainian, Mexican, and most successfully, West Indian populations in various parts of the United States where they were to be found in particular concentrations.
In 1953, Carfora entered a Roman Catholic hospital in Galveston, Texas, where he was pressured by Roman Catholic authorities to renounce his work. His episcopal ring was stolen and, suffering from heart disease and asthma, he went into a seclusion that amounted to retirement, retaining leadership of the church in title only. Regrettably this meant that the leadership succession wasn’t entirely settled before his death. In 1950 Archbishop Hubert Rogers had been appointed coadjutor by Carfora, but due to a difference of opinion about a new Code of Canon Law, Carfora uncanonically also appointed Archbishop Cyrus Starkey, four months later Carfora died. General Synod, having ratified the previous appointment in May 1950 and with the agreement of Starkey to step down, waited to confirm the canonical succession of Rogers, but in the confusion before the General Synod convened in May 1958, various bishops sought to protect their jurisdictions and others went directly into schism. Of the extant jurisdictions today descended in continuity from the North American Old Roman Catholic Church are the North American Old Roman Catholic Church (Province of Nova Terra), the North American Old Roman Catholic Church (Archdiocese of California), the Archdiocese of the Old Catholic Church of America, and the Old Roman Catholic Diocese of Chicago (the two latter in 2017 beginning the Orthodox Old Roman Catholic Communion).*
According to his death certificate, Carfora died on January 18, 1958. The cause of his death was cancer of the pancreas. He was buried in the Irving Park Cemetery in Chicago on January 21, 1958. At one time a tombstone marked the final resting place of this great servant of Holy Mother Church. Unfortunately, due to repeated defacing and vandalism, the cemetery was forced to remove the tombstone. It was with great honour that the Old Roman Catholic Diocese of Chicago under the leadership of the then V. Rev. Nioclás Kelly OSF (now Bishop of Chicago) that a new memorial was placed, blessed and dedicated on the 11th of October 2015.
*There still exist today groups descended from bishops previously excommunicated by Carfora calling themselves Old Roman Catholic. Despite various attempts at reconciliation they remain in schism from the canonical and continuing historical jurisdictions. They are easily distinguishable from the orthodox jurisdictions by their polity or praxis i.e. an acceptance of Roman Catholic Papal dogmas traditionally rejected by Archbishops Mathew and Carfora or conversely, heterodox beliefs or praxis betraying the progressive ideology of the contemporary zeitgeist despite protestations to be “traditional”.
The Old Roman Catholic Clerical Directory lists all known bishops and clerics who were ordained by and minister in the authentic Old Roman Catholic tradition and jurisdictions and their current canonical situation.
Of your charity…
For health & well-being…
Christopher, Lyn B, Simon G, Dagmar B, Karen, Debbie G, Fr Graham F, Fr Stephen D, Heather & Susanna L-D, Finley G, Diane C, Pat, Paul, +Rommel B, Penny E, Colin R, John, Ronald, Fr Gerard H, Lilian & family, Ruth L, David G, David P, Patrick H, Debbie G, Karen K, Fr Graham F, S&A, Dave G, +Charles of Wisconsin, +Tissier, Fr Terrence M, +Guo Xijin, +John P, Karl R-W, Fr Antonio Benedetto OSB, Fr Kristopher M & family, Mark Coggan, Ounissa, Ronald Buczek, Rik C, Adrian & Joan Kelly, Juanita Alaniz & family, Shirley V,
For those vocationally discerning…
James, Breandán, Manuel, Vincent, Darren, Akos, Roger, James, Adrian, Carlos, Thomas, Yordanis, Nicholas, Tyler, Micha, Michael,
For the recently departed…
Lauretta (21.01.19), Clive Reed (23.01.19), Fr John Wright (24.01.19), Shelley Luben (11.12.18), Mick Howells (13.12.18), Daniel Callaghan (13.02.19), Alfie (Hub guest), Père Pierre Fournier (08.02.19), Jill Lewis (24.02.19), Cynthia Sharpe Conger (28.02.19), Richard (Ricky) Belmonte, Fr Leo Cameron OSA (29.03.19), Fr John Corbett (30.03.19), Deacon Richard Mulholland (Easter Day), Peter, Bernard Brown (27.06.19), Peter Ellis (01.08.19), Petronila Antonio (10.09.19), Fr Mark Spring (13.09.19), Jean Marchant (15.09.19), Mary Kelly (15.10.19), John Pender (23.10.19), David Cole, Pauline White, Fr Graham Francis
For those who mourn…
Barbara R & family, Brenda W & family, Joseph S, Catherine L & family, Rev George C & family, Jean C, Margaret & Bonita C, Debbie M & family, Phil E & Family, Adrian Kelly & family, Fr Nicholas Pnematicatos & family, Fr Andrew White & family, Richard Cole & family, the Francis Family
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The St Andrew’s Daily Missal also contains historical commentary and footnotes on the Feast days, devotions, prayers of preparation for before and after Mass as well as the Ordinary of the Mass and Propers for Vespers for Sundays and major Feast days throughout the year in Latin and in English. It also contains forms for Morning and Evening Prayer, Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament and Compline. It really is a treasury of devotion!
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Mass Centre Directory
If you would like your mission’s Mass times and other activities included here just submit details via email.
PHILIPPINES, Bacoor Parish of Jesus the Divine Mercy, Copper St. Platinum Ville, San Nicolas III, Bacoor, Province of Cavite
|1000||Mass & Children’s Catechesis|
|1st Wed’s||1900||Mass & O.L. of Perpetual Succour Devotions|
|1st Frids’||1900||Mass & Sacred Heart Devotions|
PHILIPPINES, Lagunas Parish of San Isidro Labrador, Dita, Sta. Rosa
|1st Wed’s||1900||Mass & O.L. Perpetual Succour Devotions|
|1st Fri’s||1900||Mass & Sacred Heart Devotions|
UK, Brighton The Brighton Oratory of SS Cuthman & Wilfrid, 1-6 Park Crescent Terrace, Brighton BN2 3HD Telephone +44 7423 074517
|Sundays||0830||Mass & homily|
|& Daily||1000||Breaking fast|
|Wed’s||1730||Holy Hour & Benediction|
|Sat’s||0830||Mass & homily|
UK, Bristol The Little Oratory of Our Lady of Walsingham with Saint Francis, 11 The Primroses, Hartcliffe, Bristol, BS13 0BG
|Sundays||1030||Sermon & Holy Communion|
USA, Chicago IL Parish Mission of St Anne, Church of the Atonement, 5749 North Kenmore Avenue, Chicago, IL 60660 Telephone: (773) 817 – 5818
|Sundays||1800||Mass & homily (2nd of the month)|
|Wed’s||1930||Catechism & Reception Class|
USA, Chicago IL Missionary Franciscans of Christ the King, The Friary
USA, Glendale AZ St. Joseph’s Glendale AZ. Contact address: 7800 N 55th Ave Unit 102162 Glendale AZ 85301 Telephone +1 310 995 3126